Continuous Cuffless Blood Pressure Estimation Using Pulse Transit Time and Photoplethysmogram Intensity Ratio
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AbstractPulse transit time (PTT) has attracted much interest for cuffless blood pressure (BP) measurement. However, its limited accuracy is one of the main problems preventing its widespread acceptance. Arterial BP oscillates mainly at high frequency (HF) because of respiratory activity, and at low frequency (LF) because of vasomotor tone. Prior studies suggested that PTT can track BP variation in HF range, but was inadequate to follow the LF variation, which is probably the main reason for its unsatisfactory accuracy. This paper presents a new indicator, the photoplethysmogram intensity ratio (PIR), which can be affected by changes in the arterial diameter, and, thus, trace the LF variation of BP. Spectral analysis of BP, PTT, PIR, and respiratory signal confirmed that PTT was related to BP in HF at the respiratory frequency, while PIR was associated with BP in LF range. We, therefore, develop a novel BP estimation algorithm by using both PTT and PIR. The proposed algorithm was validated on 27 healthy subjects with continuous Finapres BP as reference. The results showed that the mean +/- standard deviation (SD) for the estimated systolic, diastolic, and mean BP with the proposed method against reference were -0.37 +/- 5.21, -0.08 +/- 4.06, -0.18 +/- 4.13 mmHg, and mean absolute difference (MAD) were 4.09, 3.18, 3.18 mmHg, respectively. Furthermore, the proposed method outperformed the two most cited PTT algorithms for about 2 mmHg in SD andMAD. These results demonstrated that the proposed BP model using PIR and PTT can estimate continuous BP with improved accuracy.
All Author(s) ListDing XR, Zhang YT, Liu J, Dai WX, Tsang HK
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume Number63
Issue Number5
Pages964 - 972
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsArterial diameter change; cuffless blood pressure; photoplethysmogram intensity ratio (PIR); pulse transit time (PTT); respiration; vasomotion
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEngineering; Engineering, Biomedical

Last updated on 2021-23-09 at 00:56