Blockage of Src by Specific siRNA as a Novel Therapeutic Strategy to Prevent Destructive Repair in Steroid-Associated Osteonecrosis in Rabbits
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AbstractVascular hyperpermeability and highly upregulated bone resorption in the destructive repair progress of steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) are associated with a high expression of VEGF and high Src activity (Src is encoded by the cellular sarcoma [c-src] gene). This study was designed to prove our hypothesis that blocking the VEGF-Src signaling pathway by specific Src siRNA is able to prevent destructive repair in a SAON rabbit model. Destructive repair in SAON was induced in rabbits. At 2, 4, and 6 weeks after SAON induction, VEGF, anti-VEGF, Src siRNA, Src siRNA+VEGF, control siRNA, and saline were introduced via intramedullary injection into proximal femora for each group, respectively. Vascularization and permeability were quantified by dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. At week 6 after SAON induction, proximal femurs were dissected for micro-computed tomography (CT)-based trabecular architecture with finite element analysis (FEA), CT-based angiography, and histological analysis. Histological evaluation revealed that VEGF enhanced destructive repair, whereas anti-VEGF prevented destructive repair and Src siRNA and Src siRNA+VEGF prevented destructive repair and enhanced reparative osteogenesis. Findings of angiography and histomorphometry were consistent with those determined by DCE MRI. Src siRNA inhibited VEGF-mediated vascular hyperpermeability but preserved VEGF-induced neovascularization. Bone resorption was enhanced in the VEGF group and inhibited in the anti-VEGF, Src siRNA, Src siRNA+VEGF groups as determined by both 3D CT and 2D histomorphometry. FEA showed higher estimated failure load in the Src siRNA and Src siRNA+VEGF groups when compared to the vehicle control group. Blockage of VEGF-Src signaling pathway by specific Src siRNA was able to prevent steroid-associated destructive repair while improving reconstructive repair in SAON, which might become a novel therapeutic strategy. (c) 2015 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
All Author(s) ListZheng LZ, Cao HJ, Chen SH, Tang T, Fu WM, Huang L, Chow DHK, Wang YX, Griffith JF, He W, Zhou H, Zhao DW, Zhang G, Wang XL, Qin L
Journal nameJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Year2015
Month11
Day1
Volume Number30
Issue Number11
PublisherWILEY-BLACKWELL
Pages2044 - 2057
ISSN0884-0431
eISSN1523-4681
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsOSTEONECROSIS; REPAIR; SIRNA; SRC
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEndocrinology & Metabolism

Last updated on 2020-26-05 at 01:18