Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices
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AbstractPoly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS) is a conducting polymer and is a promising material for use in optoelectronic devices. Adding dopants to PEDOT/PSS significantly affects its optoelectronic properties: in this article we use terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) to probe the effects of dopants dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol. The carrier density, mobility, and conductivity are calculated from the THz measurements by fitting the dielectric permittivity to the Drude-Smith model. This gives us an insight into the conductivity enhancement mechanisms; and we find evidence to suggest that both carrier delocalization and charge screening play a role, although the relative importance of these two mechanisms depends upon both dopant polarity and concentration. To demonstrate an application of this finding, we design and fabricate broadband terahertz neutral density filters based upon 6% DMSO doped PEDOT/PSS thin films of varying thickness and demonstrate optical densities between 0.14 and 0.53 from 0.5 to 2.2 THz with a comparable frequency variation to commercially available optical frequency ND filters.
All Author(s) ListYan F, Parrott EPJ, Ung BSY, Pickwell-MacPherson E
Journal nameJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume Number119
Issue Number12
Pages6813 - 6818
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesChemistry; Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Science & Technology - Other Topics

Last updated on 2020-25-11 at 02:08