A Model of Associative Stigma on Depression and Anxiety Among Children of HIV-Infected Parents in China
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AbstractHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carries a high level of stigma to the HIV-infected individuals and their family members. Children of HIV-infected parents in China are particularly affected. The present study examined the relationship between associative stigma, self-esteem, optimism, anxiety and depression among 195 children of HIV-infected parents in rural China. Findings showed that more than one-third (35.4 %) of the participants scored higher than cut-off for depression; and 23.6-67.7 % of them scored higher than cut-off for different types of anxiety disorders. Structural equation modelling revealed that associative stigma had a significant negative relationship on self-esteem and optimism, which were associated with higher levels of depression and anxiety. The indirect effects of associative stigma on depression and anxiety were significant. The overall model showed a satisfactory fit. Findings suggest that associative stigma has a significant negative impact on mental health of children affected by HIV. Interventions to reduce their associative stigma are warranted.
All Author(s) ListMo PKH, Lau JTF, Yu XN, Gu J
Journal nameAIDS and Behavior
Volume Number19
Issue Number1
Pages50 - 59
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAnxiety; Children; Depression; HIV-infected parents; Stigma
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiomedical Social Sciences; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social Sciences, Biomedical

Last updated on 2021-17-09 at 01:28