Burden of influenza infection in hospitalised children below 6 months of age and above in Hong Kong from 2005 to 2011
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AbstractThe World Health Organization recommends vaccination of pregnant women for seasonal influenza that can also protect infants aged below 6 months. We estimated incidence and disease burden of influenza in hospitalised children below and above 6 months of age in Hong Kong during a 6 year period. Discharge diagnoses for all admissions to public Hong Kong Hospital Authority hospitals, recorded in a central computerised database (Clinical Management System, CMS), were analysed for the period April 2005 to March 2011. Incidence estimates of influenza disease by age group were derived from CMS ICD codes 487-487.99. Laboratory-confirmed influenza infections from a single surveillance hospital were then linked to the CMS entries to assess possible over- and under-diagnosis of influenza based on CMS codes alone. Influenza was recorded as any primary or any secondary diagnosis in 1.3% (1158/86,582) of infants aged above 6 days to below 6 months and 4.3% (20,230/471,482) of children above 6 days to below 18 years. The unadjusted incidence rates per 100,000 person-years based on any CMS diagnosis of influenza in all admission to Hong Kong public hospitals were 627 in the below 2 months of age group and 1762 in the 2 month to below 6 month group. Incidence of hospitalisation for influenza in children was highest from 2 months to below 6 months. In the absence of vaccines for children below 6 months of age, effective vaccination of pregnant women may have a significant impact on reducing influenza hospitalisations in this age group. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
All Author(s) ListNelson EAS, Ip M, Tam JS, Mounts AW, Chau SL, Law SK, Goggins W, Simpson LA, Chan PKS
Journal nameVaccine
Volume Number32
Issue Number49
Pages6692 - 6698
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsChildren; Disease burden; Hospitalisation; Infants; Influenza
Web of Science Subject CategoriesImmunology; Medicine, Research & Experimental; Research & Experimental Medicine

Last updated on 2021-20-02 at 00:43