Clinical Outcomes of Biodegradable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stents for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: An Updated Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
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AbstractBiodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (DES) are innovative concepts in the era of percutaneous coronary intervention. We systematically reviewed the latest randomized evidence on the efficacy and safety of biodegradable polymer DES as compared to durable polymer DES. MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane database were searched in August 2013 for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing biodegradable polymer DES with durable polymer DES. Clinical outcomes of interest were mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and stent thrombosis. A total of 20 RCTs randomizing 20 021 participants were included, of whom 11 045 were allocated to biodegradable polymer DES and 8976 to durable polymer DES. Treatment of biodegradable polymer DES was not associated with a significant reduction of any of the clinical outcomes (all-cause mortality, odds ratio [OR]: 0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.80 to 1.10, P = 0.42; cardiovascular mortality, OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.19, P = 0.74; MI, OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.91 to 1.26, P = 0.41; TLR, OR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.69 to 1.08, P = 0.20; TVR, OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.85 to 1.28, P = 0.67; definite/probable stent thrombosis, OR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.59 to 1.07, P = 0.14). Current randomized data indicate that clinical efficacy and safety profiles of biodegradable polymer DES are comparable to those of durable polymer DES. Findings from large-scale studies with rigorous methodology and long follow-up duration are needed.
All Author(s) ListKwong JSW, Yu CM
Journal nameClinical Cardiology
Volume Number37
Issue Number7
Pages440 - 453
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesCardiac & Cardiovascular Systems; CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS; Cardiovascular System & Cardiology

Last updated on 2021-08-12 at 00:17