Regular exercise and a healthy dietary pattern are associated with lower resting blood pressure in non-obese adolescents: a population-based study
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AbstractThe study aims to assess the association of diet and frequency of extracurricular physical activity (PA) on blood pressure (BP) in non-obese adolescents. A total of 7185 non-obese adolescents aged 12-18 years were analysed to elucidate the relationship between BP and exercise/eating habit. Totally, 10.3% of the boys and 4.6% of the girls who responded to the questionnaire reported undertaking regular extracurricular physical exercise >= 3 times/week and were classified as being physically active. An unhealthy eating habit (UEH) score was constructed by counting the number of 'yes' responses to 11 dietary behavioural items considered to be unhealthy. In logistic regression analysis, age, body mass index, exercise frequency and UEH were significantly associated with BP (P < 0.001). The odds ratios (ORs) for high BP in physically more active adolescents vs those who were less active was 0.48 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30-0.77). The OR for high BP in those with UEH scores in the highest quartile vs those with UEH scores in the lowest quartile was 1.63 (95% CI 1.24-2.15). In conclusion, regular exercise and a healthy diet are positively associated with lower BP even in non-obese adolescents. Journal of Human Hypertension (2013) 27, 304-308; doi:10.1038/jhh.2012.41; published online 18 October 2012
All Author(s) ListSo HK, Li AM, Choi KC, Sung RYT, Nelson EAS
Journal nameJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume Number27
Issue Number5
Pages304 - 308
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsadolescent; blood pressure; diet pattern; physical activity
Web of Science Subject CategoriesCardiovascular System & Cardiology; Peripheral Vascular Disease; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE

Last updated on 2020-28-09 at 01:46