Atrophy of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is associated with poor performance in verbal fluency in elderly poststroke women
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AbstractThis study aimed to investigate the association between atrophy in the prefrontal cortex with executive function and verbal fluency in elderly male and female patients poststroke. Thirty elderly female patients with non-aphasic ischemic stroke aged 60 years and 30 age-matched non-aphasic male patients with ischemic stroke were recruited. Automatic magnetic resonance imaging segmentation was used to assess the volume of the whole prefrontal cortex, along with its subdivisions: anterior cingulate cortex, orbitofrontal cortex and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The Semantic Verbal Fluency Test was administered at 3 and 15 months poststroke. At 3 months poststroke, left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex volume was significantly correlated with Verbal Fluency Test score in female patients only (partial coefficient = 0.453, P = 0.045), after controlling for age, education, diabetes, neurological deficit, white matter lesions volume, as well as the location and volume of infarcts. At 15 months poststroke, there remained a significant association between the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex volume and Verbal Fluency Test (partial coefficient = 0.661, P = 0.001) and between the left prefrontal cortex volume and Verbal Fluency Test (partial coefficient = 0.573, P = 0.004) in female patients after the same adjustments. These findings indicate that atrophy of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex contributes to the impairment of verbal fluency in elderly female patients with stroke. Sex differences may be present in the neuropsychological mechanisms of verbal fluency impairment in patients with stroke.
All Author(s) ListChen YK, Xiao WM, Wang DF, Shi L, Chu WCW, Mok VCT, Wong KS, Ungvari GS, Tang WK
Journal nameNeural Regeneration Research
Volume Number8
Issue Number4
Pages346 - 356
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbrain atrophy; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; executive function; grants-supported paper; magnetic resonance imaging; neural regeneration; neuroimaging; neuroregeneration; photographs-containing paper; prefrontal cortex; sex differences; stroke; verbal fluency
Web of Science Subject CategoriesCell Biology; CELL BIOLOGY; Neurosciences; NEUROSCIENCES; Neurosciences & Neurology

Last updated on 2021-23-09 at 00:40