Advances in Medical Devices and Medical Electronics
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要Medical devices and medical electronics are areas that had little to offer 100 years ago. However, there were three important existing technologies that led to many further developments over the following 100 years. These are the stethoscope, electrocardiography, and X-ray medical imaging. Although these technologies had been described and were available to some extent when the PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE pages first appeared, they had yet to achieve the widespread use that they have today. The stethoscope is the oldest of these, and it helped physicians to hear sounds of the body and relate them to functioning and malfunctioning organs. The early use of the stethoscope by physicians was more of an art than a science, but as the PROCEEDINGS matured, so did this technology. Engineers were able to make this a more quantitative process by graphically displaying the sounds and ultimately using techniques such as voiceprint analysis to assist the physician in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment. The electrocardiograph had been invented a few years prior to the appearance of the PROCEEDINGS, but the apparatus was awkward to use, especially for sick people, and was considered more of an oddity than a viable medical technology 100 years ago. Today, it and devices derived from it such as cardiac patient monitors are important parts of our healthcare system. Similarly, X-rays represented a new technology 100 years ago, but unlike electrocardiography physicians immediately saw the value of this technology and quickly adopted it. Many improvements have been made to the basic technology over the last 100 years culminating in computer tomography and complex image processing. Other devices to create high-quality and 3-D medical images have also been developed in recent years to make medical imaging a very important aspect of clinical care today. Looking to the future is always a difficult task, but it is clear that the electronic health record will play an important role in consolidating the information from various medical devices as well as providing readily available data on patients wherever it might be needed. Future medical devices will need to not only address the problems of diagnostic and therapeutic medicine but also be capable of addressing important societal problems such as worldwide disparities in the availability of medical care, continually rising healthcare costs, and healthcare for travel beyond Earth. The next 100 years promises to be even more exciting than the last from the perspective of medical devices and medical electronics.
著者Neuman MR, Baura GD, Meldrum S, Soykan O, Valentinuzzi ME, Leder RS, Micera S, Zhang YT
期刊名稱Proceedings of the IEEE
出版年份2012
月份5
日期1
卷號100
出版社IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
頁次1537 - 1550
國際標準期刊號0018-9219
電子國際標準期刊號1558-2256
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Medical device; medical electronics; patient monitoring; personalized medicine; societal medical problems
Web of Science 學科類別Engineering; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC

上次更新時間 2020-24-11 於 01:12