alpha 2-chimaerin controls neuronal migration and functioning of the cerebral cortex through CRMP-2
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AbstractDisrupted cortical neuronal migration is associated with epileptic seizures and developmental delay. However, the molecular mechanism by which disruptions of early cortical development result in neurological symptoms is poorly understood. Here we report alpha 2-chimaerin as a key regulator of cortical neuronal migration and function. In utero suppression of alpha 2-chimaerin arrested neuronal migration at the multipolar stage, leading to accumulation of ectopic neurons in the subcortical region. Mice with such migration defects showed an imbalance between excitation and inhibition in local cortical circuitry and greater susceptibility to convulsant-induced seizures. We further show that alpha 2-chimaerin regulates bipolar transition and neuronal migration through modulating the activity of CRMP-2, a microtubule-associated protein. These findings establish a new alpha 2-chimaerin-dependent mechanism underlying neuronal migration and proper functioning of the cerebral cortex and provide insights into the pathogenesis of seizure-related neurodevelopmental disorders.
All Author(s) ListIp JPK, Shi L, Chen Y, Itoh Y, Fu WY, Betz A, Yung WH, Gotoh Y, Fu AKY, Ip NY
Journal nameNature Neuroscience
Detailed descriptionTo ORKTS: doi: 10.1038/nn.2972
Volume Number15
Issue Number1
Pages39 - U55
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesNeurosciences; NEUROSCIENCES; Neurosciences & Neurology

Last updated on 2020-27-11 at 01:46