Differential nephrotoxicity of cisplatin and a novel series of traditional Chinese medicine-platinum anticancer agents correlates with their chemical reactivity towards sulfur-containing nucleophiles
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AbstractA series of novel traditional Chinese medicine-platinum compounds has been found to be active against a number of murine and human cancers both in vitro and in vivo. Their high potency and the lack of cisplatin cross-resistance are believed to be due to the inclusion of the protein phosphatase 2A-inhibiting demethylcantharidin in the novel structures. A simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed and validated as a stability-indicating assay for the platinum compounds. Using cisplatin and carboplatin as reference compounds, the stability study agrees well with the literature-reported findings. The novel traditional Chinese medicine-platinum compounds were more stable than cisplatin in water and dextrose, but became unstable in normal saline, a characteristic similar to that of carboplatin. The developed assay was further applied to study the chemical reactivity of the novel platinum compounds towards physiologically important nucleophiles such as glutathione and cysteine. The novel compounds were considerably less reactive to the sulfur-containing nucleophiles than cisplatin. In-vitro cytotoxicity assay was performed in a porcine kidney LLC-PK1 cell line model to investigate the nephrotoxicity potential of the platinum compounds. The lower rate of hydrolysis and the decreased reactivity of the novel traditional Chinese medicine-platinum compounds towards sulfur-containing bionucleophiles appear to have reduced their toxicity when compared with cisplatin, yet the antitumor activities of the novel compounds have not been compromised.
All Author(s) ListTo KKW, Au-Yeung SCF, Ho YP
Journal nameAnti-Cancer Drugs
Volume Number17
Issue Number6
Pages673 - 683
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordshigh-performance liquid chromatography; nephrotoxicity; sulfur-containing bionucleophiles; traditional Chinese medicine-platinum compounds
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology; ONCOLOGY; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

Last updated on 2021-15-01 at 00:13