Interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 up-regulate monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression in human bronchial epithelial cells: involvement of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and Janus kinase-2 but not c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase 1/2 signalling pathways
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AbstractThe Th2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 and chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are significantly involved in bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and remodelling in allergic asthma. Although IL-4 and IL-13 can regulate a number of chemokines from bronchial epithelium, their regulatory effect on the expression of MCP-1 is as yet unproved. We aim to investigate the intracellular signalling mechanisms of IL-4 and IL-13 regulating the expression and secretion of MCP-1 from human bronchial epithelial cells. BEAS-2B cells, derived from a human bronchial epithelial cell line, were activated with or without IL-4 and/or IL-13 for different time intervals. MCP-1 gene expression and protein secretion were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Activation of signalling molecules p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and Janus kinase-2 (JAK-2) was accessed by Western blotting. IL-4 and IL-13 were found to up-regulate gene expression and significantly increase the release of MCP-1 from BEAS-2B cells. Both cytokines could activate p38 MAPK, ERK and JAK-2, but not JNK activity. Inhibition of p38 MAPK, ERK and JAK-2 activities by pretreating the cells with their corresponding inhibitors SB203580, PD98059 and AG490, respectively, significantly suppressed IL-4- and IL-13-induced MCP-1 production in BEAS-2B cells. Together, the above results illustrate that the activation of p38 MAPK, ERK and JAK-2 but not JNK is crucial for IL-4- and IL-13-induced MCP-1 release in human bronchial epithelial cells. Our findings may provide insight into the future development of more effective therapeutic agents for treating allergic asthma.
All Author(s) ListIp WK, Wong CK, Lam CWK
Journal nameClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume Number145
Issue Number1
Pages162 - 172
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsallergy; chemokines/monokines; cytokines/interleukins; epithelial cells; signalling/signal transduction
Web of Science Subject CategoriesImmunology; IMMUNOLOGY

Last updated on 2020-25-11 at 00:54