Quantitative measurement of monocyte HLA-DR expression in the identification of early-onset neonatal infection
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摘要Background: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utilities of monocyte HLA-DR as an infection marker in the identification of early-onset clinical infection and pneumonia in newborn infants. Methods: Term newborns in whom infection was suspected when they were <72 h of age were eligible for enrollment in the study. C-reactive protein (CRP), monocyte HLA-DR and neutrophil CD64 expressions were quantitatively measured at the time of sepsis evaluation ( 0 h) and 24 h afterwards by flow cytometry and standard laboratory method. Results: A total of 288 infants with suspected sepsis were investigated, and 93 were found to be clinically infected. There were no significant differences in monocyte HLA-DR expression between the infected, non-infected and control groups at 0 h ( median (interquartile range): 13,986 ( 10,994 - 18,544), 14,234 ( 12,045 - 17,474) and 18,441 ( 14,250 - 21,537) antibody phycoerythrin ( PE) molecules bound/cell), and between infected and non-infected infants at 24 h ( median ( interquartile range): 17,772 ( 12,933 - 25,167) and 19,406 14,885 - 24,225) antibody PE molecules bound/cell). The areas under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves for HLA-DR, CD64 and CRP were 0.52 - 0.54, 0.88 - 0.94 and 0.75 - 0.77, respectively. We were unable to determine an optimal cutoff value for HLA-DR, as the diagnostic utilities of any cutoff point on the ROC curves were unable to satisfy the criteria (i.e. sensitivity and specificity >= 80%) for consideration as an useful diagnostic marker of infection. Conclusions: Our findings did not support the use of monocyte HLA-DR alone or in combination with other infection markers in the diagnosis of early-onset clinical infection and pneumonia in term newborns. Copyright (C) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
著者Ng PC, Li G, Chui KM, Chu WCW, Li K, Wong RPO, Fok TF
期刊名稱Biology of the Neonate
出版年份2006
月份1
日期1
卷號89
期次2
出版社KARGER
頁次75 - 81
國際標準期刊號0006-3126
語言英式英語
關鍵詞HLA-DR; infection, early-onset; pneumonia
Web of Science 學科類別Pediatrics

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