Impact of El Nino/La Nina on the seasonality of oceanic water vapor: A proposed scheme for determining the ITCZ
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AbstractPrevious research has shown that oceanic water vapor (OWV) is a useful quantity for studying the low-frequency variability of the atmosphere-ocean system. In this work, 10 years (1993-2002) of high-quality OWV data derived from the Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX) microwave radiometer are used to investigate the impact of El Ni (n) over tildeo/La Ni (n) over tildea on the amplitude and phase of the annual cycle. These results suggest that El Ni (n) over tilde os (La Ni (n) over tilde as) can weaken (strengthen) the seasonality of OWV by decreasing (increasing) the annual amplitude. The change of amplitude is usually slight but significant, especially for the five most dynamic seasonal belts across the major continents at midlatitudes. The El Ni (n) over tildeo-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) impact on the annual phase of OWV is seen to be fairly systematic and geographically correlated. The most striking feature is a large-scale advancing/delay of about 10 days (as estimated through empirical modeling) for the midlatitude oceans of the Northern Hemisphere in reaching their summer maxima during the El Ni (n) over tildeo/La Ni (n) over tildea years. In addition, an alternative scheme for estimating the mean position of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) based on the annual phase map of OWV is proposed. This ITCZ climatology favors 4 degrees N in mean latitude, and agrees with existing results in that its position meanders from 2 degrees S to 8 degrees N oceanwide, and stays constantly north of the equator over the Atlantic and eastern Pacific.
All Author(s) ListChen G, Lin H
Journal nameMonthly Weather Review
Year2005
Month10
Day1
Volume Number133
Issue Number10
PublisherAMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
Pages2940 - 2946
ISSN0027-0644
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; METEOROLOGY & ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

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