In vitro and in vivo suppression of growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by novel traditional Chinese medicine-platinum anti-cancer agents
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AbstractProtein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a new target for platinum (Pt)-based cancer chemotherapeutic agents. A series of novel Pt complexes containing demethylcantharidin, a modified component of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), [Pt(C(8)H(8)O(5))(NH(2)R)(2)] 1-5 have been shown to inhibit PP2A both in its purified form and in cell homogenates. In this study, the potential efficacy of compounds 1-5 in suppressing the growth of PP2A-highly expressed liver cancer was evaluated. The in vitro anti-proliferative activity of compounds 1-5 was investigated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines using the MTT assay. Compounds 1-5 were about 2-20 and 20-200 times more potent than cisplatin and carboplatin, respectively, in SK-Hep1 and HepG2 cells. The in vivo anti-tumor efficacies of 1-5 were evaluated in a s.c. inoculated SK-Hep1 xenograft model in nude mice. Compounds 1-5 demonstrated definite in vivo activity (giving rise to an optimal %T/C as low as 14.5%) without inducing undue toxicity, contrasting the lack of activity of cisplatin and carboplatin. In a cisplatin-resistant model established in vivo in human HCC, compounds 1-5 could still elicit the same level of tumor growth suppression as in the control tumors, demonstrating the circumvention of cisplatin cross-resistance. An acute toxicity study in ICR mice showed that compounds 1-5 are not nephrotoxic at LD(10). The high potency of the novel TCM-Pt compounds against liver cancer and the minimal toxicity suggest that they have significant potential to be developed into useful Pt-based anti-tumor drugs.
All Author(s) ListTo KKW, Ho YP, Au-Yeung SCF
Journal nameAnti-Cancer Drugs
Volume Number16
Issue Number8
Pages825 - 835
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsdemethylcantharidin; human hepatocellular carcinoma; platinum anti-cancer agents; protein phosphatase inhibition; traditional Chinese medicine; xenograft
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology; ONCOLOGY; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

Last updated on 2021-15-01 at 23:39