Association of glomerulopathy with the 5 '-end polymorphism of the aldose reductase gene and renal insufficiency in type 2 diabetic patients
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摘要The expression of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes has several levels of abnormalities. To define the primary abnormalities of diabetic nephropathy, we conducted an autopsy study of 186 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes to determine correlations among the aldose reductase gene, renal histopathologies, extracellular matrix, glomerular function, and clinical characteristics. Compared with cases of near-normal renal structure (n = 51) and atypical diabetic glomerulopathy (n 75), patients with classic diabetic glomerulopathy (n 60) had advanced glomerular disease, as reflected by elevated plasma creatinine levels (133.2 +/- 59.8 vs. 166.0 +/- 65.7 vs. 243.8 +/- 82.6 mumol/l; P < 0.001), glomerular matrix fractions (20.8 +/- 6.7 vs. 33.5 +/- 16.8 vs. 39.2 +/- 14.3%; P < 0.001), and risk of renal failure (odds ratio [OR] 1 vs. 3.5 vs. 21.4; P < 0.001). Compared with noncarriers of the aldose reductase z-2 allele (n = 92) and z-2 heterozygotes (n = 77), z-2 homozygotes (n = 17) had elevated plasma creatinine (164.1 +/- 73.7 vs. 190.6 +/- 60.9 vs. 241.1 +/- 86.2 mumol/l; P < 0.001) and an increased risk of classic diabetic glomerulopathy (OR 1 vs. 0.9 vs. 3.3; P = 0.026). Overexpression of transforming growth factor-beta1, mesangial cell transdifferentiation by expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, and aberrant deposition of collagen type IV, fibronectin, and laminin were found in classic diabetic glomerulopathy. These data suggest genetic, biochemical, pathophysiological, and clinical correlations among the aldose reductase gene, extracellular matrix, classic diabetic glomerulopathy, and renal insufficiency. Gene mutation, cellular transdifferentiation, growth factor upregulation, extracellular matrix expansion, and glomerular filtration impairment are the primary abnormalities in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy.
著者Zhao HL, Tong PCY, Lai FMM, Tomlinson B, Chan JCN
期刊名稱Diabetes
出版年份2004
月份11
日期1
卷號53
期次11
出版社AMER DIABETES ASSOC
頁次2984 - 2991
國際標準期刊號0012-1797
電子國際標準期刊號1939-327X
語言英式英語
Web of Science 學科類別Endocrinology & Metabolism; ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM

上次更新時間 2021-23-02 於 00:29