Protein profiling of cervical cancer by protein-biochips: proteomic scoring to discriminate cervical cancer from normal cervix
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AbstractAnalysis of multiple proteins is thought to be essential for establishment of signature proteomic patterns that may distinguish cancer from non-cancer. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization (SELDI) is an affinity-based mass spectrometric method in which proteins of interest are selectively absorbed to a chemically modified surface on a biochip. This technology may provide protein profiling of a variety of biological specimens. In this study, we explored whether the protein biochip SELDI approach could differentiate cervical cancer from non-cancer cohorts. We screened protein profiles generated by SELDI in 62 cervical epithelial cell samples microdissected from 35 invasive cervical cancer and 27 age-matched normal cervix tissue specimens, respectively. The cell lysates of pure populations of cervical cells were applied onto Ciphergen ProteinChip(R) WCX2 Arrays. Proteins bound to the chips were analyzed on a ProteinChip Reader Model PBS II. Derived proteomic patterns were converted to a simple proteomic scoring for distinguishing cancer from non-cancer cohorts. SELDI protein profiles of cell lysates from 20 cervical cancer and 15 normal cervix tissue specimens were used to train and develop a classification scoring system that used a seven-protein mass pattern. The training samples could be correctly discriminated. When a test set of 27 samples was used for evaluation of this scoring system to distinguish cervical cancer from non-cancer, a sensitivity of 87%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100%, and a negative predictive value of 86% for the test population were obtained. All seven proteins appeared to be down regulated in cervical cancer. The results from this study indicate that the proteomics approach of SELDI mass spectrometry, in combination with a simple scoring system, may distinguish cervical cancer from its normal counterpart. If this approach is also workable in the analysis of cervical exfoliated cell lysate, it might potentially be used in the early diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer. In addition, the identification of these specific proteins in cervical cancer may also facilitate the discovery of new cervical tumor marker(s). (C) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListWong YF, Cheung TH, Lo KWK, Wang VW, Chan CS, Ng TB, Chung TKH, Mok SC
Journal nameCancer Letters
Volume Number211
Issue Number2
Pages227 - 234
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscervical cancer; protein profiling; surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology; ONCOLOGY

Last updated on 2021-12-01 at 23:44