Triamcinolone suppresses human tenocyte cellular activity and collagen synthesis
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AbstractGlucocorticoid injection is widely used in tendon disorders. Despite previous studies on the histologic and biomechanical changes in tendons after glucocorticoid injections, the role of glucocorticoid in tendon rupture still is controversial. It was hypothesized that glucocorticoid has a direct deleterious effect on human tenocytes, suppressing its cellular activity and collagen production. Primary cultures of human tenocytes were obtained from explants of healthy patellar tendon harvested during anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions. The effects on cell viability and cell proliferation were measured by [3-(4,5-demethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay and 5-bromo-deoxyuridine incorporations. The effect on collagen synthesis was measured by H-3-proline incorporation assay. Triamcinolone acetonide at 10(-9) to 10(-4) mol/L decreased human tenocyte viability to 45% to 88% of control in a dose-dependent manner. Cell proliferation was suppressed to 87% +/- 8% at all doses. Treatment with 1 mumol/L triamcinolone acetonide reduced the amount of collagen synthesis as measured by H-3-proline incorporation from 40 +/- 2 cpm/1000 cells to 27 +/- 4 cpm/1000 cells. The suppressed human tenocyte cellular activity and reduced collagen production may lead to disturbed tendon structure and predispose the tendon to subsequent spontaneous rupture.
All Author(s) ListWong MWN, Tang YN, Fu SC, Lee KM, Chan KM
Journal nameClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Issue Number421
Pages277 - 281
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOrthopedics; ORTHOPEDICS; Surgery; SURGERY

Last updated on 2021-23-11 at 00:54