Resistance to apoptosis of HPV 16-infected laryngeal cancer cells is associated with decreased Bak and increased Bcl-2 expression
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AbstractHuman papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16) plays an etiological role in human laryngeal carcinoma. Apoptosis is closely associated with various biological processes including oncogenesis. This study investigated how HPV 16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 affect apoptosis in human laryngeal cancer cells. We established two human laryngeal cancer cell lines that expressed HPV 16 E6 and E7, respectively. Using these two cell lines, we found that both E6 and E7 exhibited an inhibitive effect on apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor alpha and cycloheximide. In both transfected cell lines, the expression of pro-apoptotic Bak was reduced and that of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 was over-expressed. However, the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-8 was not significantly different between the E6- and E7-transfected cells and the control cells without HPV 16. p53 Protein was not detected in either the transfected or the non-transfected cells. Our study indicates that: (1) HPV 16 E6 and E7 oncoproteins are capable of inhibiting apoptosis in laryngeal squamous carcinoma cells; (2) the mechanism modulated by E6 and E7 involves the over-expression of Bcl-2 and the down-regulation of Bak; (3) the anti-apoptotic pathway is not related to the level of p53, caspase-3, or caspase-8. These results suggest that the dysregulation of apoptotic molecules Bak and Bcl-2 by HPV 16 E6 and E7 plays a role in the prolongation of cell survival, which may subsequently contribute to the development of human laryngeal cancer. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListDu J, Chen GG, Vlantis AC, Chan PKS, Tsang RKY, van Hasselt CA
Journal nameCancer Letters
Volume Number205
Issue Number1
Pages81 - 88
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsBak; Bcl-2; human papillomavirus type 16; laryngeal cancer; p53
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology; ONCOLOGY

Last updated on 2020-01-07 at 04:24