Implementation of physical-layer network coding
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AbstractThis paper presents the first implementation of a two-way relay network based on the principle of physical-layer network coding (PNC). To date, only a simplified version of PNC, called analog network coding (ANC), has been successfully implemented. The advantage of ANC is that it is simple to implement; the disadvantage, on the other hand, is that the relay amplifies the noise along with the signal before forwarding the signal. PNC systems in which the relay performs XOR or other denoising PNC mappings of the received signal have the potential for significantly better performance. However, the implementation of such PNC systems poses many challenges. For example, the relay in a PNC system must be able to deal with symbol and carrier-phase asynchronies of the simultaneous signals received from multiple nodes, and the relay must perform channel estimation before detecting the signals. We investigate a PNC implementation in the frequency domain, referred to as FPNC, to tackle these challenges. FPNC is based on OFDM. In FPNC, XOR mapping is performed on the OFDM samples in each subcarrier rather than on the samples in the time domain. We implement FPNC on the universal soft radio peripheral (USRP) platform. Our implementation requires only moderate modifications of the packet preamble design of 802.11a/g OFDM PHY. With the help of the cyclic prefix (CP) in OFDM, symbol asynchrony and the multi-path fading effects can be dealt with simultaneously in a similar fashion. Our experimental results show that symbol-synchronous and symbol-asynchronous FPNC have essentially the same BER performance, for both channel-coded and non-channel-coded FPNC systems. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListLu L, Wang TT, Liew SC, Zhang SL
Journal namePhysical Communication
Detailed descriptionTo ORKTS: Cannot add an author by the name of
Taotao Wang, a CUHK student.
Volume Number6
Pages74 - 87
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsNetwork coding implementation; Physical-layer network coding; Software radio
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEngineering; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; Telecommunications

Last updated on 2021-12-01 at 23:41