Compliance with a pelvic muscle exercise program as a causal predictor of urinary stress incontinence amongst Chinese women
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AbstractAim: To determine the importance and contribution of compliance in a pelvic muscle exercise program as a factor in reducing the severity of urinary stress incontinence amongst Chinese women. Methods: Two hundred fourteen women presenting with urinary stress incontinence who agreed to undertake a program of pelvic muscle exercises were recruited into the study. Incontinence (wetting episodes), pelvic muscle strength, exercises compliance, correctness of pelvic muscle exercise technique, duration of stress incontinence, and previous history of pelvic surgery were recorded on four occasions: baseline (first clinic session) and second to fourth clinic sessions. Demographic data were also collected at baseline. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to determine the relative importance of compliance to exercise regime in predicting the severity of incontinence. Path analysis was used to provide a summary description of the influence of compliance on the outcomes over the four visits. Results: The pelvic muscle training program appears to be able to reduce the overall urinary incontinence episodes by 85.2% and achieved a 73.1% increase in pelvic muscle strength. Although the number of wetting episodes in any visit are causally linked to that recorded in previous visit, those who were more compliant had a greater reduction. Age, mode of delivery, menopausal status, history of pelvic surgery, and duration of incontinence did not appear to contribute significantly to predicting incontinence. Conclusion: Compliance with pelvic muscle exercises significantly contributed to a reduction in urinary stress incontinence.
All Author(s) ListSiu LS, Chang AM, Yip SK, Chang AMZ
Journal nameNeurourology and Urodynamics
Volume Number22
Issue Number7
Pages659 - 663
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscompliance; pelvic muscle exercises; stress incontinence
Web of Science Subject CategoriesUrology & Nephrology; UROLOGY & NEPHROLOGY

Last updated on 2020-18-10 at 00:06