PEDESTRIAN THERMAL COMFORT IN RELATION TO STREET ZONES WITH DIFFERENT ORIENTATIONS A pilot-study of Rotterdam
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractThis paper presents the impacts of different street orientations and street zones of a typical Dutch residential area on micro-scale human thermal comfort. The spatial and temporal variation of mean radiant temperature (Tmrt) of a typical summer day in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, is simulated by using an established long-and short-wave 3D radiation fluxes model (SOLWEIG). This model calculates human radiation load and expresses this as a Tmrt. Hereby we simulate and analyse the Tmrt variations for three zones of a street consisting of a centre area for cars and the adjacent pedestrian zones for pedestrians and bicycles. The streets are azimuth rotated. The simulation and analysis results show various Tmrt patterns of the three zones in the different orientations at different periods during daytime. We show that the spatial distribution of Tmrt at street level strongly depends on street orientation and street zone. This is crucial since optimizing street configuration will directly influence the human thermal comfort in relation to street orientation and street zone. Finally we present a time adjusted framework of thermal comfort and classify the various Tmrt for each zone and orientation.
All Author(s) ListDai Q, Schnabel MA
Name of Conference18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
Start Date of Conference15/05/2013
End Date of Conference18/05/2013
Place of ConferenceSingapore
Country/Region of ConferenceSingapore
Detailed descriptionorganized by Department of Architecture, NUS,
Year2013
Month1
Day1
PublisherCAADRIA-ASSOC COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH ASIA
Pages219 - 228
eISBN978-988-19026-4-1
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsmean radiant temperature (T-mrt); SOLWEIG; street orientation; street zone; Thermal comfort
Web of Science Subject CategoriesArchitecture; Computer Science; Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications

Last updated on 2020-09-07 at 23:09