Gastroprotective Therapy Does Not Improve Outcomes of Patients With Helicobacter pylori-Negative Idiopathic Bleeding Ulcers
Publication in refereed journal


摘要BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a prospective cohort study to investigate the effects of gastroprotective agents (such as proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists) on long-term clinical outcomes of patients with Helicobacter pylori-negative idiopathic bleeding ulcers. METHODS: Patients with H pylori-negative idiopathic bleeding ulcers were recruited from a single center from April 2002 to March 2009 (n = 663). Age- and sex-matched patients with H pylori-positive bleeding ulcers were used as controls (n = 633). After ulcers had healed, 566 patients in the H pylori-negative idiopathic ulcer cohort received gastroprotective agents at clinicians' discretion, whereas controls received no gastroprotective agent after H pylori eradication therapy. Patients were followed until September 2011 for end points that included recurrent ulcer bleeding and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During the exposed period of 534 person-years, the incidence rates of recurrent ulcer bleeding and death were 3.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.6-5.4) and 21.8 (95% CI, 18.8-25.3) per 100 person-years among the patients given gastroprotective agents, compared with incidence rates of 2.4 (95% CI, 1.6-3.5; P = .08) and 13.8 (95% CI, 11.9-16.0; P < .001) per 100 person-years, respectively, during the unexposed period of 1588 person-years. Use of gastroprotective agents was not associated with mortality, after adjusting for confounders (hazard ratio, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.6-1.7). Incident rates of recurrent ulcer bleeding and death were significantly higher in patients with H pylori-negative idiopathic ulcers (2.9 and 17.0 per 100 person-years, respectively) than in controls (1.1 and 5.9 per 100 person-years, respectively; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Gastroprotective agents do not reduce the risk of recurrent bleeding or mortality for patients with H pylori-negative idiopathic bleeding ulcers.
著者Wong GLH, Au KWL, Lo AOS, Tse YK, Ching JYL, To KF, Chan FKL
期刊名稱Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
頁次1124 - 1129
關鍵詞Clinical Trial; H2RA; Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI); Stomach
Web of Science 學科類別Gastroenterology & Hepatology; GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY

上次更新時間 2020-26-11 於 01:06