Rapid and Simultaneous Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex and Beijing/W Genotype in Sputum by an Optimized DNA Extraction Protocol and a Novel Multiplex Real-Time PCR
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AbstractRapid diagnosis and genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by molecular methods are often limited by the amount and purity of DNA extracted from body fluids. In this study, we evaluated 12 DNA extraction methods and developed a highly sensitive protocol for mycobacterial DNA extraction directly from sputa using surfacecoated magnetic particles. We have also developed a novel multiplex real-time PCR for simultaneous identification of M. tuberculosis complex and the Beijing/W genotype (a hypervirulent sublineage of M. tuberculosis) by using multiple fluorogenic probes targeting both the M. tuberculosis IS6110 and the Rv0927c-pstS3 intergenic region. With reference strains and clinical isolates, our real-time PCR accurately identified 20 non-Beijing/W and 20 Beijing/W M. tuberculosis strains from 17 different species of nontuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM). Further assessment of our DNA extraction protocol and real-time PCR with 335 nonduplicate sputum specimens correctly identified all 74 M. tuberculosis culture-positive specimens. In addition, 15 culture-negative specimens from patients with confirmed tuberculosis were also identified. No cross-reactivity was detected with NTM specimens (n = 31). The detection limit of the assay is 10 M. tuberculosis bacilli, as determined by endpoint dilution analysis. In conclusion, an optimized DNA extraction protocol coupled with a novel multiprobe multiplex real-time PCR for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis, including Beijing/W M. tuberculosis, was found to confer high sensitivity and specificity. The combined procedure has the potential to compensate for the drawbacks of conventional mycobacterial culture in routine clinical laboratory setting, such as the lengthy incubation period and the limitation to viable organisms.
All Author(s) ListLeung ETY, Zheng L, Wong RYK, Chan EWC, Au TK, Chan RCY, Lui G, Lee N, Ip M
Journal nameJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume Number49
Issue Number7
Pages2509 - 2515
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesMicrobiology; MICROBIOLOGY

Last updated on 2021-12-09 at 00:09