Diagnosis of Fibrosis and Cirrhosis Using Liver Stiffness Measurement in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
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摘要Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases in affluent countries. Accurate noninvasive tests for liver injury are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of transient elastography for the diagnosis of fibrosis and cirrhosis in patients with NAFLD and to study factors associated with discordance between transient elastography and histology. Two hundred forty-six consecutive patients from two ethnic groups had successful liver stiffness measurement and satisfactory liver biopsy specimens. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUROC) of transient elastography for F3 or higher and F4 disease was 0.93 and 0.95, respectively, and was significantly higher than that of the aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, FIB-4, BARD, and NAFLD fibrosis scores (AUROC ranged from 0.62 to 0.81, P < 0.05 for all comparisons). At a cutoff value of 7.9 kPa, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for F3 or greater disease were 91%, 75%, 52%, and 97%, respectively. Liver stiffness was not affected by hepatic steatosis, necroinflammation, or body mass index. Discordance of at least two stages between transient elastography and histology was observed in 33 (13.4%) patients. By multivariate analysis, liver biopsy length less than 20 nun and F0-2 disease were associated with discordance. Conclusion: Transient elastography is accurate in most NAFLD patients. Unsatisfactory liver biopsy specimens rather than transient elastography technique account for most cases of discordance. With high negative predictive value and modest positive predictive value, transient elastography is useful as a screening test to exclude advanced fibrosis. Liver biopsy may be considered in NAFLD patients with liver stiffness of at least 7.9 kPa. (HEPATOLOGY 2010;51:454-462.)
著者Wong VWS, Vergniol J, Wong GLH, Foucher J, Chan HLY, Le Bail B, Choi PCL, Kowo M, Chan AWH, Merrouche W, Sung JJY, de Ledinghen V
期刊名稱Hepatology
出版年份2010
月份2
日期1
卷號51
期次2
出版社JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
頁次454 - 462
國際標準期刊號0270-9139
電子國際標準期刊號1527-3350
語言英式英語
Web of Science 學科類別Gastroenterology & Hepatology; GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY

上次更新時間 2021-25-02 於 01:11