ZIC1 is downregulated through promoter hypermethylation in gastric cancer
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AbstractAs one of major epigenetic changes responsible for tumor Suppressor gene inactivation in the development of cancer, promoter hypermethylation was proposed as a marker to define novel tumor suppressor genes. In the Current study we identified ZIC1 (Zic family member 1, odd-paired Drosophila homolog) as a novel tumor suppressor gene silenced through promoter hypermethylation in gastric cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In all of gastric cancer cells lines examined, ZIC1 expression was downregulated and such downregulation was accompanied with the hypermethylation of ZIC1 promoter. Demethylation treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Aza) reversed ZIC1 downregulation, highlighting the importance of promoter methylation to ZIC1 downregulation in gastric cancer cells. Notably, ZIC1 expression was significantly downregulated in primary gastric carcinoma tissues in comparison with non-tumor adjacent gastric tissues (p < 0.01). Accordingly, promoter methylation of ZIC1 was frequently detected in primary gastric carcinoma tissues (94.6%, 35/37) but not normal gastric tissues, indicating that promoter hypermethylation mediated ZIC1 downregulation may play an important role in gastric carcinogenesis. Indeed, ectopic expression of ZIC1 led to the growth inhibition of gastric cancer cells through the induction of S-phase cell cycle arrest (p < 0.01). Our results revealed ZIC1 as a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene downregulated through promoter hypermethylation in gastric cancer. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListWang LJ, Jin HC, Wang X, Lam EKY, Bin Zhang J, Liu X, Chan FKL, Si JM, Sung JJY
Journal nameBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume Number379
Issue Number4
Pages959 - 963
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsGastric cancer; Methylation; Tumor suppressor gene; ZIC1
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiochemistry & Molecular Biology; BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; Biophysics; BIOPHYSICS

Last updated on 2020-31-03 at 01:58