A catenary model to study transport and conjugation of baicalein, a bioactive flavonoid, in the Caco-2 cell monolayer: Demonstration of substrate inhibition
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AbstractThe transport and metabolism of baicalein (Ba) was studied in vitro and in Caco-2 cells. Protein binding of Ba with Caco-2 lysate showed that Ba was bound to two classes of sites: a higher affinity, lower capacity site (K-A1 = 27.6 +/- 4.7 mu M-1, n(1) = 10.6 +/- 0.6 nmol/mg) and lower affinity, higher capacity site (K-A2 = 0.015 +/- 0.0013 mu M-1, n(2) = 413 +/- 21 nmol/mg). Incubation studies of Ba with Caco-2 lysate showed substrate inhibition of both glucuronidation and sulfation, with K-m values of 0.14 +/- 0.034 and 0.015 +/- 0.0053 mu M, and K-I values of 6.75 +/- 1.70 and 0.37 +/- 0.16 mu M, respectively. In the Caco-2 monolayer, Ba (8-47 mu M) displayed good apparent permeabilities (P-app) across the membrane; P-app was found to be increased with elevated loading concentration in both the absorptive and secretory directions. However, the efflux ratio was less than unity, negating the involvement of apical efflux transporters. The concentration ratios of Ba sulfate (BS) and glucuronide (BG) decreased with increased loading Ba concentration, suggesting that BS and BG are apically excreted via transporters, likely breast cancer resistance protein and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, respectively. Data fit to the catenary model, composed of basolateral, cellular, and apical compartments, showed a low cellular unbound fraction (0.0019 +/- 0.00018), a high passive diffusion clearance (0.012 +/- 0.00029 ml/min/mg), and substrate inhibition, with sulfation being more readily saturated and inhibited than glucuronidation, as evidenced by smaller K-m value (0.35 +/- 0.078 versus 1.95 +/- 0.57 mu M) and K-I value (0.58 +/- 0.20 versus 7.90 +/- 1.10 mu M); these patterns paralleled those observed in the lysate incubation studies. The results showed that the catenary model aptly predicts substrate inhibition kinetics and offers significant and mechanistic insight into the transport and atypical metabolism of drugs in the Caco-2 monolayer.
All Author(s) ListSun HD, Zhang L, Chow ECY, Lin G, Zuo Z, Pang KS
Journal nameJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume Number326
Issue Number1
PublisherAmerican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET)
Pages117 - 126
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

Last updated on 2020-08-04 at 01:47