The role of lexical knowledge and related linguistic components in typical and poor language comprehenders of Chinese
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要The present study adapted the "Blueprint of the Reader" in comprehending language by Perfetti [2000, C. M. Brown & P. Hagoort. (Eds.), The neurocognition of language (pp. 167-208). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press] as a framework for understanding Chinese language and reading comprehension in a group of 361 secondary Forms 1, 3 and 4 Cantonese-speaking Chinese students (mean age of 15 years) in Hong Kong. This framework with some modifications was tested with nine specially designed Chinese language and reading tasks with reasonably high reliability and surface validity. The main hypothesis was that lexical knowledge consisting of derivational morphology; correction of characters, words and sentences; segmentation of text into phrases and sentences; and writing to dictation should explain considerable individual variations, as shown in the English literature. This was tested with component analyses and multiple regression analyses. The total battery accounted for 66.80% of the variation while lexical knowledge alone explained 33.51% of the individual variation in the overall school performance in Chinese reading and writing. The second hypothesis was that subgroups of poor and good language and reading comprehenders in Chinese would be expected to show overlapping yet different component structures and their performance in the individual component tasks would be expected to differ as tested with analyses of variance. The results confirmed this hypothesis. Task analyses of the written protocols of essay writing and of morphological processing (prefixing and suffixing) provided insight into well-formed and poorly formed writing and word formation according to principles of Chinese psycholinguistics and yielded information for theory-based practice.
著者Leong CK, Ho MK
期刊名稱Reading and Writing
出版年份2008
月份7
日期1
卷號21
期次5
出版社Springer Verlag (Germany)
頁次559 - 586
國際標準期刊號0922-4777
電子國際標準期刊號1573-0905
語言英式英語
關鍵詞"Blueprint of the Reader"; chinese language and reading comprehension; lexical knowledge; poor language and reading comprehenders; written protocol analyses
Web of Science 學科類別Education & Educational Research; EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH; Psychology; Psychology, Educational; PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATIONAL

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