Hepatocellular carcinoma-derived exosomes promote motility of immortalized hepatocyte through transfer of oncogenic proteins and RNAs
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AbstractExosomes are recognized as mediators of cell-cell communication in cancer progression through the horizontal transfer of RNAs and proteins to neighboring cells. We show in this study exosomes derived from HCC could induce migration and invasion of hepatocytes.Exosomes are increasingly recognized as important mediators of cell-cell communication in cancer progression through the horizontal transfer of RNAs and proteins to neighboring or distant cells. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant cancer, whose metastasis is largely influenced by the tumor microenvironment. The possible role of exosomes in the interactions between HCC tumor cell and its surrounding hepatic milieu are however largely unknown. In this study, we comprehensively characterized the exosomal RNA and proteome contents derived from three HCC cell lines (HKCI-C3, HKCI-8 and MHCC97L) and an immortalized hepatocyte line (MIHA) using Ion Torrent sequencing and mass spectrometry, respectively. RNA deep sequencing and proteomic analysis revealed exosomes derived from metastatic HCC cell lines carried a large number of protumorigenic RNAs and proteins, such as MET protooncogene, S100 family members and the caveolins. Of interest, we found that exosomes from motile HCC cell lines could significantly enhance the migratory and invasive abilities of non-motile MIHA cell. We further demonstrated that uptake of these shuttled molecules could trigger PI3K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways in MIHA with increased secretion of active MMP-2 and MMP-9. Our study showed for the first time that HCC-derived exosomes could mobilize normal hepatocyte, which may have implication in facilitating the protrusive activity of HCC cells through liver parenchyma during the process of metastasis.
All Author(s) ListHe M, Qin H, Poon TCW, Sze SC, Ding XF, Co NN, Ngai SM, Chan TF, Wong N
Journal nameCarcinogenesis
Detailed descriptionDOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgv081
Year2015
Month9
Day1
Volume Number36
Issue Number9
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B
Pages1008 - 1018
ISSN0143-3334
eISSN1460-2180
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology

Last updated on 2021-15-09 at 01:10