Remission of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity with regulatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-35 in Murphy Roths Large (MRL)/lpr mice
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AbstractThe immunological mechanisms mediated by regulatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-35 are unclear in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We investigated the frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3)(+) regulatory T (T-reg) and IL-10(+) regulatory B (B-reg) cells and related immunoregulatory mechanisms in a female Murphy Roths Large (MRL)/lpr mouse model of spontaneous lupus-like disease, with or without IL-35 treatment. A remission of histopathology characteristics of lupus flare and nephritis was observed in the MRL/lpr mice upon IL-35 treatment. Accordingly, IL-35 and IL-35 receptor subunits (gp130 and IL-12R2) and cytokines of MRL/lpr and BALB/c mice (normal controls) were measured. The increased anti-inflammatory cytokines and decreased proinflammatory cytokines were possibly associated with the restoration of T-reg and B-reg frequency in MRL/lpr mice with IL-35 treatment, compared to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) treatment. mRNA expressions of T-reg-related FoxP3, IL-35 subunit (p35 and EBI3) and soluble IL-35 receptor subunit (gp130 and IL12R2) in splenic cells were up-regulated significantly in IL-35-treated mice. Compared with the PBS treatment group, IL-35-treated MRL/lpr mice showed an up-regulation of T-reg-related genes and the activation of IL-35-related intracellular Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription signal pathways, thereby indicating the immunoregulatory role of IL-35 in SLE. These in vivo findings may provide a biochemical basis for further investigation of the regulatory mechanisms of IL-35 for the treatment of autoimmune-mediated inflammation.
All Author(s) ListCai Z, Wong CK, Dong J, Chu M, Jiao D, Kam NW, Lam CWK, Tam LS
Journal nameClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume Number181
Issue Number2
PublisherWiley: 12 months
Pages253 - 266
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscytokines; interleukin-35; regulatory B cells; regulatory T cells; systemic lupus erythematosus
Web of Science Subject CategoriesImmunology

Last updated on 2020-22-11 at 00:46