Unusual structures of TTTA repeats in icaC gene of Staphylococcus aureus
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AbstractOne and two TTTA repeat expansions have been found in the coding region of icaC gene of Staphylococcus aureus variants which influence the expression of IcaC protein and alter the phenotype. Yet, the mechanism of these small-size TTTA repeat expansions remains unclear. In this study, we performed high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies on TTTA repeats. Our results show that a DNA sequence containing three TTTA repeats can fold into dumbbell structures with a 3' or 5'-overhang. Exchange of these dumbbells makes the sequence behave like a 2-nt TT mini-loop at 25 degrees C. The occurrence of these mini-loop and dumbbell structures in the nascent strand during DNA replication provides possible mechanistic pathways which account for one and two repeat expansions. (C) 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListGuo P, Lam SL
Journal nameFEBS Letters
Volume Number589
Issue Number12
PublisherWiley: 12 months
Pages1296 - 1300
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsDNA structure; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Slipped strand mispairing; Staphylococcus aureus; TTTA repeat expansion
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; Cell Biology

Last updated on 2021-15-09 at 01:05