Demographic age structure and economic development: Evidence from Chinese provinces
Publication in refereed journal


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替代計量分析
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摘要In this paper, we examine the economic implications of demographic age structure in the context of regional development in China. We extend the development accounting framework by incorporating age structure and apply it to a panel data set of 28 Chinese provinces. We find that changes in age structure, as reflected by shifts in both the size and internal demographic composition of the working-age population, are significantly correlated with provincial economic growth rates. During our study period 1990-2005, the evolution of age structure accounts for nearly one-fifth of the growth in GDP per capita, of which more than half is attributable to shifts in the internal demographic composition of the working-age population. Differences in age structure across provinces also explain more than one-eighth of the persistent inter-provincial income inequality. Journal of Comparative Economics 43 (1) (2015) 170-185. Center for Labor Economics and Public Policy and School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, China; Department of Economics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. (C) 2014 Association for Comparative Economic Studies. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
著者Zhang HF, Zhang HL, Zhang JS
期刊名稱Journal of Comparative Economics
出版年份2015
月份2
日期1
卷號43
期次1
出版社Elsevier
頁次170 - 185
國際標準期刊號0147-5967
電子國際標準期刊號1095-7227
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Age structure; China; Economic development
Web of Science 學科類別Business & Economics; Economics

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