Altered default mode network functional connectivity in schizotypal personality disorder
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摘要The default mode network (DMN) has been identified to play a critical role in many mental disorders, but such abnormalities have not yet been determined in patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). The purpose of this study was to analyze the alteration of the DMN functional connectivity in subjects with (SPD) and compared it to healthy control subjects. Eighteen DSM-IV diagnosed SPD subjects (all male, average age: 19.7 +/- 0.9) from a pool of 3000 first year college students, and eighteen age and gender matched healthy control subjects were recruited (all male, average age: 20.3 +/- 0.9). Independent component analysis (ICA) was used to analyze the DMN functional connectivity alteration. Compared to the healthy control group, SPD subjects had significantly decreased functional connectivity in the frontal areas, including the superior and medial frontal gyrus, and greater functional connectivity in the bilateral superior temporal gyrus and sub-lobar regions, including the bilateral putamen and caudate. Compared to subjects with SPD, the healthy control group showed decreased functional connectivity in the bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus, but showed greater functional connectivity in the right transverse temporal gyrus and left middle temporal gyrus. The healthy control group also showed greater activation in the cerebellum compared to the SPD group. These findings suggest that DMN functional connectivity, particularly that involving cognitive or emotional regulation, is altered in SPD subjects, and thus may be helpful in studying schizophrenia. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
著者Zhang Q, Shen J, Wu JL, Yu X, Lou WT, Fan HY, Shi L, Wang DF
期刊名稱Schizophrenia Research
出版年份2014
月份12
日期1
卷號160
期次1-3
出版社Elsevier
頁次51 - 56
國際標準期刊號0920-9964
電子國際標準期刊號1573-2509
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Default mode network; Functional connectivity; MRI; Schizotypal personality disorder
Web of Science 學科類別Psychiatry

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