Genetic and Environmental Overlap Between Chinese and English Reading-Related Skills in Chinese Children
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AbstractThis twin study examined the relative contributions of genes and environment on 2nd language reading acquisition of Chinese-speaking children learning English. We examined whether specific skills-visual word recognition, receptive vocabulary, phonological awareness, phonological memory, and speech discrimination-in the 1st and 2nd languages have distinct or overlapping genetic and environmental origins. A sample of 279 Chinese twin pairs with a mean age of 6 years was tested. Univariate twin analyses were used to identify sources of individual variations in reading abilities and related cognitive-linguistic skills in Chinese and English, respectively. They were used to show both similar and distinctive patterns in these skills across Chinese and English. Bivariate Cholesky decomposition analyses indicated genetic overlaps between all parallel Chinese and English variables, as well as shared environmental overlaps in receptive vocabulary and phonological awareness. The phenotypic correlations between 1st and 2nd language skills previously observed in cross-linguistic studies could be explained by the shared genetic and environmental influences found in this twin study.
All Author(s) ListWong SWL, Chow BWY, Ho CSH, Waye MMY, Bishop DVM
Journal nameDevelopmental Psychology
Year2014
Month11
Day1
Volume Number50
Issue Number11
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Pages2539 - 2548
ISSN0012-1649
eISSN1939-0599
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbehavioral genetics; Chinese learners of English; cognitive-linguistic skills; second language reading acquisition; twins
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPsychology; Psychology, Developmental

Last updated on 2021-02-05 at 01:14