Improving the Spatial Resolution of Landsat TM/ETM plus Through Fusion With SPOT5 Images via Learning-Based Super-Resolution
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AbstractTo take advantage of the wide swath width of Land-sat Thematic Mapper (TM)/Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images and the high spatial resolution of Systeme Pour l'Observation de la Terre 5 (SPOT5) images, we present a learning-based super-resolution method to fuse these two data types. The fused images are expected to be characterized by the swath width of TM/ETM+ images and the spatial resolution of SPOT5 images. To this end, we first model the imaging process from a SPOT image to a TM/ETM+ image at their corresponding bands, by building an image degradation model via blurring and downsampling operations. With this degradation model, we can generate a simulated Landsat image from each SPOT5 image, thereby avoiding the requirement for geometric coregistration for the two input images. Then, band by band, image fusion can be implemented in two stages: 1) learning a dictionary pair representing the high-and low-resolution details from the given SPOT5 and the simulated TM/ETM+ images; 2) super-resolving the input Landsat images based on the dictionary pair and a sparse coding algorithm. It is noteworthy that the proposed method can also deal with the conventional spatial and spectral fusion of TM/ETM+ and SPOT5 images by using the learned dictionary pairs. To examine the performance of the proposed method of fusing the swath width of TM/ETM+ and the spatial resolution of SPOT5, we illustrate the fusion results on the actual TM images and compare with several classic pansharpening methods by assuming that the corresponding SPOT5 panchromatic image exists. Furthermore, we implement the classification experiments on both actual images and fusion results to demonstrate the benefits of the proposed method for further classification applications.
All Author(s) ListSong HH, Huang B, Liu QS, Zhang KH
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume Number53
Issue Number3
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages1195 - 1204
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsLandsat Thematic Mapper (TM) or Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM plus ) image; spatial resolution; super-resolution; swath width; Systeme Pour l'Observation de la Terre 5 (SPOT5) image
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEngineering; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; Geochemistry & Geophysics; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology; Remote Sensing

Last updated on 2020-23-11 at 00:06