Lanthanide stannate pyrochlores Ln(2)Sn(2)O(7) (Ln = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Er, Yb) nanocrystals: Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic properties
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AbstractA series of lanthanide stannate pyrochlores Ln(2)Sn(2)O(7) (Ln = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Er, Yb) nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route. With the decrease of Ln(3+) radius, the light absorption edge of the as-prepared Ln(2)Sn(2)O(7) shows a red shift from Nd3+ to Yb3+. Their photocatalytic activities are found to be improved with the decrease of Ln(3+) radius. However, the photocatalytic activity of Yb2Sn2O7 is a little lower than Er2Sn2O7, although the Yb3+ radius is smaller than Er3+, which may be attributed to the full-filled electronic configuration (4f(14)) of surface Yb2+ intermediates (formed by Yb3+ trapping a photo-excited electron). The crystallite size and surface area play the most important role in determining the activities. Furthermore, hydroxyl radicals are detected to be the major reactive species during the photo-degradation process. Our findings provide insights in the fabrication of highly efficient stannate photocatalysts, thus enlarging the family of photocatalysts available. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListWang WJ, Liang SJ, Bi JH, Yu JC, Wong PK, Wu L
Journal nameMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume Number56
Pages86 - 91
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCatalytic properties; Chemical synthesis; Electron microscopy; Inorganic compounds
Web of Science Subject CategoriesMaterials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

Last updated on 2020-14-08 at 03:33