Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism
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AbstractIs the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to explaining variance in ethical behaviors than do values at the societal-level. Implicitly, our findings question the soundness of using societal-level values measures. Implications for international business research are discussed.
All Author(s) ListRalston DA, Egri CP, Furrer O, Kuo MH, Li YJ, Wangenheim F, Dabic M, Naoumova I, Shimizu K, Garza Carranza MTD, Fu PP, Potocan VV, Pekerti A, Lenartowicz T, Srinivasan N, Casado T, Rossi AM, Szabo E, Butt A, Palmer I, Ramburuth P, Brock DM, Terpstra-Tong J, Grison I, Reynaud E, Richards M, Hallinger P, Castro FB, Ruiz-Gutierrez J, Milton L, Ansari M, Starkus A, Mockaitis A, Dalgic T, Leon-Darder F, Thanh HV, Moon YL, Molteni M, Fang YQ, Pla-Barber J, Alas R, Maignan I, Jesuino JC, Lee CH, Nicholson JD, Chia HB, Danis W, Dharmasiri AS, Weber M
Journal nameJournal of Business Ethics
Volume Number122
Issue Number2
PublisherSpringer Verlag (Germany)
Pages283 - 306
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCollectivism; Cultural values; Hierarchical linear modeling; Individualism; Influence ethics
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBusiness; BUSINESS; Business & Economics; Ethics; ETHICS; Social Sciences - Other Topics

Last updated on 2020-06-07 at 01:02