Differential Roles of Physical Attractiveness and Earning Capability in Explaining Sense of Power among Dating Individuals in China: A Gender Comparison
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要This cross-sectional study examined how self-assessed physical attractiveness and earning capability were associated with individuals' sense of power through self-perceived mating success and investment size in romantic relationships among 196 young adults (88 men, 98 women) from Nanjing, China. Using path analysis, we tested the following hypotheses: self-assessed physical attractiveness would be more strongly associated with self-perceived mating success among women than men, whereas self-assessed earning capability would be more strongly linked to self-perceived mating success among men than women (H1); relative physical attractiveness, as compared to their partners', would be more strongly associated with men's rather than women's self-perceived investment size, whereas relative earning capability would be more strongly related to women's rather than men's investment size (H2); for both men and women, self-perceived mating success would be positively associated with sense of power, whereas self-perceived investment size would be negatively associated with sense of power (H3). Results indicated that self-perceived physical attractiveness and earning capability were associated with self-perceived mating success similarly for both men and women, failing to support H1. Whereas relative physical attractiveness was negatively associated with investment in the relationship similarly for two genders, the negative association between relative earning capacity and investment size was only significant for women. H2 was partially supported. Finally, self-perceived mating success and investment size were significantly associated with sense of power in the expected directions for both genders, lending support to our H3. Results are discussed in light of gender differences in mate preferences and the investment theory.
著者Zhang H, You J, Teng F, Chan DKS
期刊名稱Sex Roles
出版年份2014
月份4
日期1
卷號70
期次7-8
出版社Springer Verlag (Germany)
頁次343 - 355
國際標準期刊號0360-0025
電子國際標準期刊號1573-2762
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Earning capability; Investment size; Physical attractiveness; Self-perceived mating success; Sense of power
Web of Science 學科類別Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; PSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL; Psychology, Social; PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIAL; Women's Studies; WOMEN'S STUDIES

上次更新時間 2020-05-08 於 02:44