Homogeneous Population of the Brown Alga Sargassum polycystum in Southeast Asia: Possible Role of Recent Expansion and Asexual Propagation
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要Southeast Asia has been known as one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world. Repeated glacial cycles during Pleistocene were believed to cause isolation of marine taxa in refugia, resulting in diversification among lineages. Recently, ocean current was also found to be another factor affecting gene flow by restricting larval dispersal in animals. Macroalgae are unique in having mode of reproduction that differs from that of animals. Our study on the phylogeographical pattern of the brown macroalga Sargassum polycystum using nuclear Internal Transcribed Spacer 2 (ITS2), plastidal RuBisCO spacer (Rub spacer) and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit-III (Cox3) as molecular markers revealed genetic homogeneity across 27 sites in Southeast Asia and western Pacific, in sharp contrast to that revealed from most animal studies. Our data suggested that S. polycystum persisted in single refugium during Pleistocene in a panmixia pattern. Expansion occurred more recently after the Last Glacial Maximum and recolonization of the newly flooded Sunda Shelf could have involved asexual propagation of the species. High dispersal ability through floating fronds carrying developing germlings may also contribute to the low genetic diversity of the species.
著者Chan SW, Cheang CC, Chirapart A, Gerung G, Tharith C, Ang P
期刊名稱PLoS ONE
出版年份2013
月份10
日期17
卷號8
期次10
出版社PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
國際標準期刊號1932-6203
語言英式英語
Web of Science 學科類別Multidisciplinary Sciences; MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES; Science & Technology - Other Topics

上次更新時間 2020-29-10 於 00:20