Comparing predicted and actual affective responses to process versus outcome: An emotion-as-feedback perspective
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AbstractOne of the conjectures in affective forecasting literature is that people are advised to discount their anticipated emotions because their forecasts are often inaccurate. The present research distinguishes between emotional reactions to process versus those to outcome, and highlights an alternative view that affective misforecasts could indeed be adaptive to goal pursuit. Using an ultimatum game, Study 1 showed that people overpredicted how much they would regret and be disappointed by the amount of effort they exerted, should the outcomes turned out worse than expected; nonetheless, people could accurately predict their emotional responses to unfavorable outcomes per se. In a natural setting of a university examination, Study 2 demonstrated that actual regret and disappointment toward favorable outcomes were more intense than the level people expected, but this discrepancy was not observed in their emotional responses to efforts they had invested. These two distinct patterns of results substantiate the argument that the deviation between predicted and actual emotions is dependent on the referents of the emotional reactions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListKwong JYY, Wong KFE, Tang SKY
Journal nameCognition
Volume Number129
Issue Number1
Pages42 - 50
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAffective forecasting; Emotion as feedback; Goal pursuit; Outcome; Process
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPsychology; Psychology, Experimental; PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL

Last updated on 2020-17-11 at 23:52