Comparing predicted and actual affective responses to process versus outcome: An emotion-as-feedback perspective
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要One of the conjectures in affective forecasting literature is that people are advised to discount their anticipated emotions because their forecasts are often inaccurate. The present research distinguishes between emotional reactions to process versus those to outcome, and highlights an alternative view that affective misforecasts could indeed be adaptive to goal pursuit. Using an ultimatum game, Study 1 showed that people overpredicted how much they would regret and be disappointed by the amount of effort they exerted, should the outcomes turned out worse than expected; nonetheless, people could accurately predict their emotional responses to unfavorable outcomes per se. In a natural setting of a university examination, Study 2 demonstrated that actual regret and disappointment toward favorable outcomes were more intense than the level people expected, but this discrepancy was not observed in their emotional responses to efforts they had invested. These two distinct patterns of results substantiate the argument that the deviation between predicted and actual emotions is dependent on the referents of the emotional reactions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
著者Kwong JYY, Wong KFE, Tang SKY
期刊名稱Cognition
出版年份2013
月份10
日期1
卷號129
期次1
出版社ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
頁次42 - 50
國際標準期刊號0010-0277
電子國際標準期刊號1873-7838
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Affective forecasting; Emotion as feedback; Goal pursuit; Outcome; Process
Web of Science 學科類別Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL

上次更新時間 2020-17-10 於 01:37