Toxicity assessment and vitellogenin expression in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos and larvae acutely exposed to bisphenol A, endosulfan, heptachlor, methoxychlor and tetrabromobisphenol A
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AbstractOrganochlorine pesticides and brominated flame retardants, such as tetrabromobisphenol A and polybrominated diphenyl ethers, pose an environmental hazard owing to their persistence, low solubility and estrogenic effects, and concerns have been raised regarding their effects on aquatic biota. In the present study, zebrafish embryos and larvae were used as a model to investigate the sublethal and lethal effects of three different organochlorine pesticides, namely methoxychlor, endosulfan and heptachlor, as well as the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A, and its precursor compound bisphenol A. Preliminary data for chemical exposure tests were obtained by determining the 96h median effective concentration EC50 (hatching rate) and 96h median lethal concentration LC50. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to investigate the gene expression levels of the biomarker vitellogenin (vtg1) after 96h exposures to 10, 25, 50 and 75% of the 96h EC50 value for embryos and 96h LC50 value for larvae. The use of vtg1 mRNA induction in zebrafish embryos and larvae was found to be a sensitive biomarker of exposure to these organic compounds, and was helpful in elucidating their adverse effects and setting water quality guidelines. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
All Author(s) ListChow WS, Chan WKL, Chan KM
Journal nameJournal of Applied Toxicology
Volume Number33
Issue Number7
PublisherWiley: 12 months
Pages670 - 678
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbiomarker; endocrine disruptor; estrogenic effect; gene expression; real-time PCR
Web of Science Subject CategoriesToxicology; TOXICOLOGY

Last updated on 2020-06-08 at 03:40