Molecular studies of the congenital malformation induced by Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome, the most commonly used Chinese medicine for threatened miscarriage
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摘要Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (LAR) is the most commonly used Chinese herbal medicine for threatened miscarriage. Potential reproductive toxicity of LAR was identified in early pregnancy in animals. Skeletal anomalies including loss of ulna and distal digits, shortening of humerus and radius were observed in higher clinical dose groups. Here, we aimed to study the molecular mechanism of the congenital malformation induced by LAR. In vitro whole mouse embryo culture was used to confirm the embryotoxicity effects of LAR on developing limb buds during early organogenesis. A pregnant mouse model was employed to study the developmental gene expression by quantitative PCR and whole hybridization and apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining, in the forelimbs and hindlimbs during development in vivo. Severe growth retardation, multiple embryonic malformations and delayed limb bud development were observed. Limb-specific Tbx gene expressions in both developing forelimbs and hindlimbs were significantly decreased. Increased developmental apoptosis in apical ectodermal ridge and mesenchymal mesoderm of the developing limb buds was identified. Overexpressions of Tbx2 and Tbx3 in embryos in vitro rescued LAR-induced abnormal limb development and reduced apoptosis in the developing forelimb buds. In conclusion, LAR affects limb development by suppressing the expression of limb developmental genes and disturbing programmed cell death during limb formation in mice.
著者Tang LY, Li L, Borchert A, Lau CBS, Leung PC, Wang CC
期刊名稱Molecular Human Reproduction
出版年份2012
月份12
日期1
卷號18
期次12
出版社OXFORD UNIV PRESS
頁次585 - 592
國際標準期刊號1360-9947
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Chinese medicine; congenital malformation; Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome; pregnancy
Web of Science 學科類別Developmental Biology; DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY; Obstetrics & Gynecology; Reproductive Biology; REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

上次更新時間 2021-14-01 於 23:49