False belief and verb non-factivity: A common neural basis?
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AbstractUsing fMRI, the present study compares the brain activation underlying false belief thinking induced by pictorial, nonverbal material to that instigated by strong non-factive verbs in a sample of adult Chinese speakers. These verbs obligatorily negate their complements which describe the mind content of the sentence agent, and thus may activate part of the false belief network. Some previous studies have shown a behavioral correlation between verb non-factivity/false complementation and conventional false belief but corresponding neural evidence is lacking. Our results showed that the non-factive grammar and false belief commonly implicated the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), which had been shown by past studies to play a role in general mentalizing. Regions that were unique to nonverbal false belief were the left TPJ and right middle frontal gyrus (MFG), whereas the unique regions for the non-factive grammar were the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and right superior temporal gyrus (STG). Hence, conventional nonverbal false belief and verb non-factivity have both shared and unique neural representations. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListCheung H, Chen L, Szeto CY, Feng GY, Lu GM, Zhang ZQ, Zhu ZD, Wang SP
Journal nameInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume Number83
Issue Number3
Pages357 - 364
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsComplement; False belief; Mentalizing; Non-factive verb; Theory of mind
Web of Science Subject CategoriesNeurosciences; NEUROSCIENCES; Neurosciences & Neurology; Physiology; PHYSIOLOGY; Psychology; PSYCHOLOGY; Psychology, Biological; PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL; Psychology, Experimental; PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL

Last updated on 2020-27-10 at 01:02