The Use of SU-8 Topographically Guided Microelectrode Array in Measuring Extracellular Field Potential Propagation
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AbstractThe microelectrode array (MEA) can be used to study extracellular field potentials (exFPs) of electrogenic cells. Microcontact printing, which must be repeated after each experiment, is often used to promote accurate positioning of cells onto electrodes. The present study used MEAs with evenly spaced detection electrodes aligning along permanent SU-8 topographical guidance channels to measure propagation direction and speed. Chronotropic agents, isoproterenol (ISO, 1 nM-1 mM), and verapamil (VP, 1 nM-10 mu M); and potassium channel openers (KCOs), pinacidil (PIN), and SDZ PCO400 (SDZ), were used to characterize these MEA chips. ISO (1 mM) enhanced the propagation speed from 247.25 +/- A 50.58 mu m/ms 381.29 +/- A 92.01 mu m/ms (n = 9, p < 0.05), whereas VP (10 mu M) reduced the propagation speed completely (n = 12, p < 0.001). PIN (1 mM) significantly reduced the propagation speed from 278.6 +/- A 43.7 mu m/ms to 49.7 +/- A 27.7 mu m/ms (n = 10, p < 0.001), whereas SDZ (1 mM) completely stopped the propagation (n = 9, p < 0.001). Both KCOs induced conduction pattern changes similar to those observed in cardiac arrhythmia. The MEA chips with SU-8 guidance channels may be used to study cardiovascular diseases that are related to conduction disruption.
All Author(s) ListLaw JKY, Yeung CK, Li L, Rudd JA, Ingebrandt S, Chan M
Journal nameAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Detailed descriptionTo ORKTS: doi: 10.1007/s10439-011-0432-0
Year2012
Month3
Day1
Volume Number40
Issue Number3
PublisherSpringer Verlag (Germany)
Pages619 - 627
ISSN0090-6964
eISSN1573-9686
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCellular disease model; Electrochemical measurement; Guidance; Signal conduction
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEngineering; Engineering, Biomedical; ENGINEERING, BIOMEDICAL

Last updated on 2020-17-11 at 00:49