Privacy-Preserving Distributed Optimal Power Flow With Partially Homomorphic Encryption
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AbstractDistribution grid agents are obliged to exchange and disclose their states explicitly to neighboring regions to enable distributed optimal power flow dispatch. However, the states contain sensitive information of individual agents, such as voltage and current measurements. These measurements can be inferred by adversaries, such as other participating agents or eavesdroppers, leading to the privacy leakage problem. To address the issue, we propose a privacy-preserving distributed optimal power flow (OPF) algorithm based on partially homomorphic encryption (PHE). First of all, we exploit the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) to solve the OPF in a distributed fashion. In this way, the dual update of ADMM can be encrypted by PHE. We further relax the augmented term of the primal update of ADMM with the l 1 -norm regularization. In addition, we transform the relaxed ADMM with the l 1 -norm regularization to a semidefinite program (SDP), and prove that this transformation is exact. The SDP can be solved locally with only the sign messages from neighboring agents, which preserves the privacy of the primal update. At last, we strictly prove the privacy preservation guarantee of the proposed algorithm. Numerical case studies validate the effectiveness and exactness of the proposed approach. In particular, the case studies show that the encrypted messages cannot be inferred by adversaries. Besides, the proposed algorithm obtains the solutions that are very close to the global optimum, and converges much faster compared to competing alternatives.
All Author(s) ListTong Wu, Changhong Zhao, Ying-Jun Angela Zhang
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume Number12
Issue Number5
Pages4506 - 4521
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2024-16-04 at 00:02