Breakfast frequency inversely associated with BMI and body fatness in Hong Kong Chinese children aged 9-18 years
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摘要The present study assessed the relationship between breakfast frequency and measures of obesity in Hong Kong Chinese children aged 9-18 years. A total of 11 570 children (50% boys) underwent anthropometric measurements and completed a simple self-administered dietary behaviour questionnaire. Their parents completed a questionnaire providing demographic information. Breakfast frequency was assessed by a single question, 'How many clays over the past week did you have breakfast?' Children were categorised into three groups: skippers (ate breakfast 0-2 times/week); semi-skippers (ate breakfast 3-4 times/week); non-skippers (ate breakfast 5-7 times/week), to assess all associated characteristics. Of the 3644 primary and 7926 secondary school students, 8% (8.7% of boys and 6.9% of girls) and 14% (14% of boys and 15% of girls), respectively, were breakfast skippers. The prevalence of obesity among breakfast skippers, semi-skippers and non-skippers was, respectively, 9.8, 10.6 and 3.8% < 0.001) for primary school students and 3.9, 3.1 and 2.4% (P < 0.001) for secondary school students. The 12% of Hong Kong children aged 9-18 years who skipped breakfast had higher BMI, BMI z-scores and percentage of body fat (PBF) than their counterparts. The dose effects of breakfast frequency (unstandardised regression coefficient, P < 0.001) on BMI and PBF were, respectively, -0.125 kg/m(2) and -0.219% for boys and -0.165 kg/m(2) and -0353% for girls, adjusting for physical activity per additional breakfast meal per week. Further study is recommended to elucidate whether regular breakfast consumption may have a role in the prevention of childhood obesity.
著者So HK, Nelson EAS, Li AM, Guldan GS, Yin J, Ng PC, Sung RYT
期刊名稱British Journal of Nutrition
出版年份2011
月份9
日期14
卷號106
期次5
出版社Cambridge University Press (CUP): PDF allowed
頁次742 - 751
國際標準期刊號0007-1145
電子國際標準期刊號1475-2662
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Adolescents; BMI; Body fatness; Breakfast frequency; Children
Web of Science 學科類別Nutrition & Dietetics; NUTRITION & DIETETICS

上次更新時間 2020-17-10 於 00:21