Breakfast frequency inversely associated with BMI and body fatness in Hong Kong Chinese children aged 9-18 years
Publication in refereed journal


摘要The present study assessed the relationship between breakfast frequency and measures of obesity in Hong Kong Chinese children aged 9-18 years. A total of 11 570 children (50% boys) underwent anthropometric measurements and completed a simple self-administered dietary behaviour questionnaire. Their parents completed a questionnaire providing demographic information. Breakfast frequency was assessed by a single question, 'How many clays over the past week did you have breakfast?' Children were categorised into three groups: skippers (ate breakfast 0-2 times/week); semi-skippers (ate breakfast 3-4 times/week); non-skippers (ate breakfast 5-7 times/week), to assess all associated characteristics. Of the 3644 primary and 7926 secondary school students, 8% (8.7% of boys and 6.9% of girls) and 14% (14% of boys and 15% of girls), respectively, were breakfast skippers. The prevalence of obesity among breakfast skippers, semi-skippers and non-skippers was, respectively, 9.8, 10.6 and 3.8% < 0.001) for primary school students and 3.9, 3.1 and 2.4% (P < 0.001) for secondary school students. The 12% of Hong Kong children aged 9-18 years who skipped breakfast had higher BMI, BMI z-scores and percentage of body fat (PBF) than their counterparts. The dose effects of breakfast frequency (unstandardised regression coefficient, P < 0.001) on BMI and PBF were, respectively, -0.125 kg/m(2) and -0.219% for boys and -0.165 kg/m(2) and -0353% for girls, adjusting for physical activity per additional breakfast meal per week. Further study is recommended to elucidate whether regular breakfast consumption may have a role in the prevention of childhood obesity.
著者So HK, Nelson EAS, Li AM, Guldan GS, Yin J, Ng PC, Sung RYT
期刊名稱British Journal of Nutrition
出版社Cambridge University Press (CUP): PDF allowed
頁次742 - 751
關鍵詞Adolescents; BMI; Body fatness; Breakfast frequency; Children
Web of Science 學科類別Nutrition & Dietetics; NUTRITION & DIETETICS

上次更新時間 2021-16-09 於 00:36