An exploration of speaking-in-class anxiety with Chinese ESL learners
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AbstractThis article reports the findings of a study investigating factors contributing to the speaking-in-class anxiety of a group of 313 Chinese ESL first-year university students in Hong Kong. Results using the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) of Horwitz et al. reveal five factors leading to the group's speaking-in-class anxiety. The five factors, identified by factor analysis, include: speech anxiety and fear of negative evaluation; uncomfortableness when speaking with native speakers; negative attitudes towards the English classroom; negative self-evaluation; and fear of failing the class/consequences of personal failure. In addition, survey results show that speaking in front of the class without preparation, being corrected when speaking, inadequate wait-time and not being allowed to use the first language in a second language class were also identified by the respondents as important factors leading to speaking-in-class anxiety. The article concludes with pedagogic implications, for second/foreign language teachers when attempting to create a low-anxiety classroom. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListMak B
Journal nameSystem
Detailed descriptionDOI: 10.1016/j.system.2011.04.002.
Year2011
Month6
Day1
Volume Number39
Issue Number2
PublisherElsevier
Pages202 - 214
ISSN0346-251X
eISSN1879-3282
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsChinese ESL learners; Hong Kong university students; Speaking-in-class anxiety
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEducation & Educational Research; EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH; Linguistics; LINGUISTICS

Last updated on 2020-01-06 at 01:19