Homologous and heterologous serological response to the N-terminal domain of SARS-CoV-2 in humans and mice
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AbstractThe increasing numbers of infected cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) poses serious threats to public health and the global economy. Most SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies target the receptor binding domain (RBD) and some the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the spike protein, which is the major antigen of SARS-CoV-2. While the antibody response to RBD has been extensively characterized, the antigenicity and immunogenicity of the NTD protein are less well studied. Using 227 plasma samples from COVID-19 patients, we showed that SARS-CoV-2 NTD-specific antibodies could be induced during infection. As compared to the results of SARS-CoV-2 RBD, the serological response of SARS-CoV-2 NTD is less cross-reactive with SARS-CoV, a pandemic strain that was identified in 2003. Furthermore, neutralizing antibodies are rarely elicited in a mice model when NTD is used as an immunogen. We subsequently demonstrate that NTD has an altered antigenicity when expressed alone. Overall, our results suggest that while NTD offers a supplementary strategy for serology testing, it may not be suitable as an immunogen for vaccine development.
Acceptance Date17/05/2021
All Author(s) ListLv H, Tsang OT, So RTY, Wang Y, Yuan M, Liu H, Yip GK, Teo QW, Lin Y, Liang W, Wang J, Ng WW, Wilson IA, Peiris JSM, Wu NC, Mok CKP
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume Number51
Issue Number9
Pages2296 - 2305
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-03-12 at 00:40