The Effects of Widespread Methadone Treatment on the Molecular Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus Infection Among Injection Drug Users in Hong Kong
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摘要The distribution of HCV genotypes among injection drug users in Hong Kong was assessed in context of methadone treatment availability. Three time periods were defined by the year of initiating injection-on or before 1980, 1981-1994, and 1995-2006-with methadone becoming widely available since the second period. Of the 273 HCV RNA-positive cases, the most prevalent subtype was HCV 6a (52.4%), followed by HCV 1b (38.5%). The new variants of HCV subtypes 6e and 6h were detected. Both subtypes 1b and 6a were prevalent among older injectors, while subtype 3a was more common in young injectors and those initiating injection recently during the third time period. Age (P < 0.05) and recent injection frequency (P < 0.01) were independently associated with HCV 6a infection. Subtype 1b was predominant in the first period, whereas 6a was more common in the second and third. Subtype 1b sequences appeared to have originated at two positions on the phylogenetic tree, while 6a showed a more disperse distribution suggestive of multiple introductions. Phylogenetic analysis on the NS5B region did not reveal specific clustering of any subtype/genotype. Overall, there was no suggestion of outbreaks of HCV. The extensive use of methadone may have protected Hong Kong from the emergence of HCV clusters among injection drug users. J. Med. Virol. 83:1187-1194, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
著者Chan DPC, Lee SS, Lee KCK
期刊名稱Journal of Medical Virology
出版年份2011
月份7
日期1
卷號83
期次7
出版社Wiley: 12 months
頁次1187 - 1194
國際標準期刊號0146-6615
電子國際標準期刊號1096-9071
語言英式英語
關鍵詞HCV genotyping; Hong Kong; injection drug users; methadone treatment; phylogenetic analysis
Web of Science 學科類別Virology; VIROLOGY

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